An integral part of the infertility evaluation of a couple is the examination of the man’s semen. Semen analysis is the most important screening test for evaluating male infertility and should be performed 2-3 times during the couple’s infertility evaluation.
Semen analysis is a laboratory procedure in which the ejaculate is examined to determine the quantity of the sperm present, their motility and progression (movement and direction) and morphology (shape). Other semen parameters which are also routinely assessed are the pH of the seminal fluid, presence or absence of sperm agglutination, and indication of possible infection or inflammation. When analyzing a semen sample, our lab staff also look beyond the basics for a more complete analysis. Specially stained samples are examined under high-magnification to determine the morphology. If necessary, we can also analyze for the presence of sperm antibodies, a rare condition that can incapacitate sperm.
The information gained from this examination is probably the single most important test in the evaluation of the male partner. Our experienced laboratory staff is capable of identifying potential problems through the initial semen analysis and then individualize the preparation process for intrauterine insemination (IUI). We are also able to manipulate sperm processing and optimize sperm viability for assisted reproductive techniques (e.g., In Vitro Fertilization).
In Addition to the semen analysis, the GENES fertility institute Andrology laboratory performs the following laboratory procedures:
* Some of these laboratory procedures require more time and special handling. Patients need to contact our offices for specific instructions.